What is Water Pollution:-
Today I’m going to explain the topic of water pollution in India. So first I’ll talk about some of the causes. I’m sure a lot of you have seen pictures of water pollution in Indian rivers.
First of all, is sewage basically, 80% of sewage in India is untreated and flows directly into the rivers. So obviously if you’re flushing untreated sewage wastewater into the nation’s rivers that are going to have adverse effects on the water.
You know that’s going to have massive detrimental effects throughout the entire country, so another thing is estimated that 80% percent of water bodies in India are polluted.
Some Important Facts about Water Pollution:-
Natural waters are increasingly subject to a variety of pollution sources attributed to urbanization, industrialization, the proliferation of chemicals, products, and even natural sources.
However, the application of these standards requires high analytical precision and accuracy, particularly for trace metals.
In India, the pressure on land has been enormous as can be judged from the fact that in 1961. The total urban population was 78 million and in 1991 this had increased to 217 million representing 25.7% of the total population, as against 18% 30 years ago.
Groundwater is one of the major sources of potable water in India. Over abstraction of this limited resource, in addition to erratic waste disposal in surface waters, enhances the contamination of groundwater.
It thus becomes obligatory to identify suitable management strategies to balance industrial development without compromising the environment or public health.
The quality of groundwater mirrors the quality of surface water. According to some research papers, seasonal variations in trace element concentrations highlight. That human perturbation of the surface water leads to deterioration of the groundwater.
The concentration of toxic trace metals in the groundwater of India is unequally distributed. And the highest levels relate to polluted surface waters, particularly during summer.
Local precipitation is shown to dilute concentrations and trace elements are dispersed during the monsoon.
Top 5 States Of India Suffering From Pollution:-
For All India Average Percentage Of Household with the minimum access to Safe drinking water scored 85.5%. All over India Kerala is rank on top with a score of 98.5% and Uttar Pradesh has only a 33.1% score.
Causes of Water Pollution In India:-
- The biggest reason for that there’s two reasons but the biggest reason would be rapid urbanization. It’s the first time in the history of the world that more people live in cities than those that do not live in cities. So that it’s no different in India and that’s having crazy effects on the water.
- Do you know, with these cities popping up and people flooding to these cities? The seasons are inherently going to be built by bodies of water and then again if they’re not able to properly treat.
- The wastewater whether there’ll be even domestic use or industrial use. Wastewater and then flush it right into the river it’s obviously going to pollute the water of the rivers.
- Cities pop up and people move to it, then the waste from the cities get flushed into the clean river and then all of a sudden it’s polluted.
- The cycle continues results rapidly urbanization is you know a huge factor in that and then also oil leaks. Whether it will be from ship cars now doesn’t really matter, if the oil is leaking and polluting the soil and then polluting the water.
That’s obviously you know something that needs to be controlled as well, so just some of the effects obviously it’s going to be detrimental to health.
If people are using and drinking polluted water so another statistic basically 80% of stomach ailments in India is a direct result of water pollution.
Just by drinking straight polluted water but untreated waste that’s dumped into rivers is gonna seep into groundwater. Then it affects groundwater and is gonna be polluted and again it’s just going to be detrimental to health.
Effect Of Water Pollution On Soil (Agriculture):-
Groundwater is also going to kill crops. So if crops and agriculture are greatly affected and suffering that’s gonna lead to a whole other slew of problems.
Some solutions would be like the preservation of soil, Basically what that means is know if the soil is being taken care of and we polluted the soil by providing the polluted water to it, is lead to the pollution of groundwater.
- Better care of soil is just a starting place obviously preventing the disposal of waste or toxic wastewater.
- Whether it be from industrial waste or improper practices within the agricultural industry, it could be social and religious practices. Like even dumping dead bodies in water and then again all the leaks from ships.
- That’s another big one and then also global warming. So the way global warming is going to affect this is the water level.
- The temperature of the water is rising and what that does is going to kill aqua life and it’s going to kill plants in the water itself.
- Which is then going to contribute to pollution, so better care of the environment as a whole and that’s something on behalf of the entire global community, not just India.
- Will help and reduce water pollution then also water treatment facilities like we said only 160 of roughly 8000 thousand towns that were examined had water treatment facilities.
That is just remarkably low and if those numbers can be increased then water that is being dumped into the waters is not going to be straight toxic wastewater.
All right so we’ll just kind of review really quick some of the causes that mean the biggest one that’s leading to water pollution is going to be rapid urbanization. Then thereby leading to all this sewage and wastewater going directly into rivers.
The effects are obviously is going to be detrimental to health with 80% of stomach ailments being directly related or a direct result of water pollution.
Then of course, as we talked about killing crops killing the agricultural industry and then solutions.
So preservation of soil preventing the disposal of toxics– that’s a big one and then having more and easier access to water treatment facilities.
All this wast water isn’t just being dumped directly into rivers and then the rivers thereby polluting groundwater and then leading to all sorts of ailments and a slew of other problems.
Water pollution Effect on human health:-
The main problem with water pollution is that water sources are being contaminated by chemicals and foreign substances, then in return, it creates a health risk for humans, animals, plants, and ocean life.
There is a lack of clean water sources which can be harmful and even deadly to give some background information about water pollution.
You notice most freshwater is held in glaciers and ice caps, therefore leaving the amount of water excess to us very limiting.
There are a couple of ways that water can be polluted one way is by nonpoint source pollution this is contamination is derived from one from other sources.
Which include agricultural and landfill runoff debris thrown blown into the water sediments from improperly managed construction sites, bacteria and nutrients from livestock and pet waste. this is the leading cause of water pollution.
Sources it still happens which is why bringing awareness to the situation is important another way water can be polluted is by a point source of pollution.
This is contamination by one source this includes dumping chemical or oil spills leaking septic systems is also a direct source into the water.
How nonpoint and point-source pollution happen every day it is created by runoff from cropland rural homes, city, streets.
The top or direct dumping there are several health risks that can occur from polluted water such as
- Respiratory diseases cancer, diarrheal diseases, neurological disorders, and cardiovascular disease polluted water contains waterborne pathogens.
- Which can directly affect humans, it can also lead to other diseases such as bacterial diseases.
- A worldwide disease and symptoms are diarrhea, loose or watery bough, stomach cramps, and upset stomach. It is also resistant to disinfection and can affect the immune system.
- Viral diseases an example of this is hepatitis which is caused by contaminated water and then that affects the liver. It also has symptoms such as jaundice loss of appetite fatigue discomfort and high fever.
- As many you may know hepatitis can be fatal and result in two death some other interesting health risks.
- We found that 10% of the population depends on food and vegetables, that are grown in contaminated water.
- It has a large negative effect on women, who are exposed to chemicals during pregnancy and 1.8 million. Children under the age of 5 die each year from Diarrhea diseases and pneumonia.
Although this is primarily happening in third world countries it is can happen anywhere. If we do not take care of our water sources.
Now the negative health effects that pollution has on human health that water pollution primarily impacts the human digestive system. But if contaminations are really bad it can spread to other parts of the body.
How Water Pollution Affects Our Environment:-
What’s in your water go down to your county public health department and ask them questions about the water you are consuming. Bathing and see what type of chemicals are in your local water sources conserve water.
- The poor quality water destroys crop production and insects were food.
- This disrupts the food chain high levels of metal get absorbed into fish and in return making it unsafe for human consumption.
- Added chemicals into the water increased algae growth reduces the amount of oxygen in the water than less oxygen for animals and plants to absorb and then this can lead to death.
- Killing the marine life and disrupting the food chain you cleaning up our water source is a big job and we’ll need much effort from many different authorities some ways you can help do your part is know.
- The amount of contaminated water to clean smaller does not overuse pesticides or fertilizer.
This will prevent runoff of the material into nearby water, sources beware of what you’re reporting putting down your sink or toilet do not throw paints oils or other forms of literally drain as this contaminates.
What Is Groundwater Pollution?
Which is deep in these earth and it fills up the spaces in the Aqua fire surface water. It includes lakes rivers, reservoirs, ponds and oceans and then there are glaciers and ice caps.
The distributions on Earth’s water diverts water most of the Earth’s water is held in the ocean when you break down freshwater.
Sources Of Groundwater Pollution:-
Residential, municipal, commercial, industrial, and agricultural activities can all affect groundwater quality.
1] Natural Sources:-
Substances like iron, manganese, arsenic, chlorides, fluorides, sulfates, or radionuclides, can become dissolved in groundwater, which presents in rocks or soil. They may produce an undesirable odor, taste, or color.
2] Improper Disposal of Hazardous Waste:-
Many chemicals should not be disposed of in household septic systems, including oils (e.g., cooking, motor), lawn and garden chemicals, paints and paint thinners, disinfectants, medicines, photographic chemicals, and swimming pool chemicals.
Similarly, many substances used in industrial processes should not be disposed of in drains at the workplace because they could contaminate a drinking water source.
3] Releases and Spills from Stored Chemicals and Petroleum Products:-
Many homes have underground heating oil tanks. Many businesses and municipal highway departments also store gasoline, diesel fuel, fuel oil, or chemicals in on-site tanks. The contents of many of these tanks have leaked and spilled into the environment.
4] Sewers and Other Pipelines:-
Sewage consists of organic matter, inorganic salts, heavy metals, bacteria, viruses, and nitrogen. If those are leaks or drain into the land then cause pollution over there.
5] Pesticide and Fertilizer Use:-
In addition to farmers, homeowners, businesses (e.g., golf courses), utilities, and municipalities use these chemicals. A number of these pesticides and fertilizers (some highly toxic) have entered and contaminated groundwater following normal, registered use. Some pesticides remain in soil and water for many months to many years. Another potential source of groundwater contamination is animal wastes that percolate into the ground from farm feedlots.
6] Improperly Constructed Wells:-
It can result in groundwater contamination when contaminated surface or groundwater is introduced into the well.
7] Mining Activities:-
Precipitation can leach soluble minerals from the mine wastes (known as spoils or tailings) into the groundwater below.
REGULATIONS TO PROTECT GROUNDWATER:-
Several federal laws help protect groundwater quality.
1] The Water Act (1974)–
This Act was introduced by the Indian Government to protect water from pollution. And Add in our constitution under clause(1) article 252 in 1974.
Issuance of directions under Section 5 of Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 to industries and under Section 18(1)(b) of Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974.
National Wetland Conservation Programme (NWCP) for conservation and management of identified lakes and wetlands in the country which have been merged in February 2013 into an integrated scheme of National Plan for Conservation of Aquatic Eco-systems (NPCA).
Action plan for sewage management and restoration of water quality in aquatic resources by State Governments.
The whole case study defines, how water pollution is harmful to us and nature too. So to make sure about your drinking water, you must know water purifiers and which are the best water purifiers to purify drinking water. What is the significance to use them?
In this article, we are trying to explain all the merits and demerits of water pollution. There are lots of effects on human health, environment, and soil.
If you have any questions related to this topic then please ask in our comment box.
Please give your feedback will definitely help us to know about our efforts.